1) Intertextuality: The relationship between texts, especially literary ones.
-American Psycho: Patrick’s constant reference to music, literature, magazines, and fashion.
2) Picturesque: Visually attractive, especially in a quaint of pretty style. The idea that beauty is replicated in landscape
-Castle of Otranto: Controlled access to nature
3) Madness: The state of being mentally ill; a state of frenzied or chaotic activity.
-Jack in The Shining
-Victor’s spiral down into madness with his obsession with creating the creature
-Renfield in Dracula
4) Isolation: Cause (a person or place) to be or remain alone or apart from others
-The whole Torrance family in The Shining
-Victor and the Creature in Frankenstein
-Patrick isolates himself from reality through the use of media
5) Suspension of disbelief: The temporary acceptance as
-Castle of Otranto: The big head and the ghost pictures coming to life.
6) Heroine: Female hero
-Wendy in The Shining
-Mina is until the end of Dracula.
7) Daemon: A divinity or supernatural being of nature between gods and humans
– The creature from Frankenstein
8) Doppelganger: An apparition or double of living person
-The Shining: Tony is Danny’s doppelganger
– Frankenstein: The creature is Victor’s doppelganger
– American Psycho: Everyone is everyone’s doppelganger. No one is real. Everyone is interchangeable with each other.
9) Naturalism: The use of detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment had inescapable force in shaping human character.
– Frankenstein: How the creature taught himself by living out in nature. His personality was shaping by how society treated him.
10) Panopticon: A type of institutional building, like a prison, designed in a way where you believe you are being watched at all times.
-The Shining: In the Overlook, there is a sense that someone, or something, is watching them at all times. For example: how they all fear room 217.
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